Chess Openings: Ruy Lopez

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most popular openings in chess. Today we look at some of the common themes you might see when playing the Ruy Lopez.

Make sure to check out more great chess content at:

Chess Software used in the video can be found at and

500 Comments

  1. Good question. Usually the d and e pawns are considered developing pawns, although sometimes you can add the c and f depending on the opening. Moving the a and b pawns are many times very good moves but aren't really developing moves as far as opening theory.

    If black continues to move pawns forward white can open up square on a2 for the bishop which is a good place as it aims down at the f7 square. Black has moved his a and b pawns forward but they aren't doing much at the moment.

  2. You are right, usually it is not recommended to move the same minor piece more than once in an opening but sometimes you have to. Black will weaken his queen side pawn structure and white can focus solely on the king side attacks. White should have a very good game even with all the bishop moves in the ruy lopez.

    If you don't like moving bishop so much you can always try out the scotch game and move d4 instead of the bishop. I also made a video on this. Hope this helps.

  3. not sure what was wrong said at 2:55. Is it not a doubled pawn? I also would say that having doubled pawns does not give you an advantage. Yes they can still develop their bishop and queen but the doubled pawns themselves are a bad thing and not a good thing. Doubled pawns are a weakness. Hope this helps.

  4. Whats the song that you use at the start of this video?

  5. After a6 then I would just retreat bishop to e2. Obv you would like not to move the same minor piece more than once in development but black has already moved his knight twice and at this moment there is no need to give up your light squared bishop so the e2 square seems like a good place.

  6. If black tries this I usually play d3 and then Bd2. That way if black captures my bishop on A4 then I can capture his knight on a5. We will be the same in material but he'll have doubled pawns on the A file, I have 2 minor pieces developed and he has none so I really like white in that position.

  7. Why is whites lightsquared bishop the strongest minor piece? I mean, the black squeared bishop must be just as strong? Or not?

  8. Great question. Yes the dark squared bishop for black is also the stronger minor piece (at the beginning of the game). The bishops for each side attack the weakest squares on the board which are f7 and f2. Keep in mind that as the game goes on and positions change, those squares might no longer be the weakest but at the beginning it is.

  9. haha yeah i wasn't even going to say anything cause i was confused. Glad I wasn't the only one.

  10. curious why you think white is down in material. black is down a knight and white is down a bishop. Not saying the exchange variant is good or bad but curious why you think white is a point behind in material

  11. what if black defend his pawn with another pawn instead of using his knight?

  12. def will turn into different opening. If black defends with d6 then it will turn into the Philidor Defence. White can challenge center more with d4.

    If black defends with f6 then more than likely you are playing against a poor player. f6 weakens his kingside, takes away development of his knight and simply is about the worst way to defend the e5 pawn in my opinion as it's just an awful move.

    Just my thoughts. Hope this helps.

  13. not sure that his kingside is super weak. Just be careful if you castle queenside because black already has pushed his pawns towards your queenside so the could apply some heavy pressure if they wanted to.

  14. if u like aggressive u should join the darkside and play the king's gambit. 🙂

  15. version I have is Clint Mansell from the Lord of the Rings. Hope this helps.

  16. to be completely honest with ya, i no longer have it. I had a lot of songs, but then got a new computer and lost most of what I had on the old computer.

  17. Very useful ….. I recently started playing again and am not doing too badly (rating around 1600) but my limiting factor is that I am not student of the game, meaning my openings are a weakness……YouTube is great !! The first chess video I saw here was Fischer's "Game of the Century". WOW !!!!

  18. hello, firstly thanks for the all the videos they are very good and have helped me understand the game a lot more. I was just wondering on the exchange variation why black doesn't play his b2 pawn to capture whites light square bishop, instead he looses a centre pawn and doesn't open a file for his rook.

  19. Most black players that play the exchange variation castle queen side so capturing with b pawn would be a huge mistake. You rarely ever see the pawn captured with the b pawn but there are definitely some rare lines that you might be able to trick an opponent on if they are expecting to see the main line.

  20. just keep in mind black can play queen to d4 and get his pawn back. White won't be up in material or have control of the center. That is why you rarely ever see white capture e5 here.

  21. yeah, went back and checked, this is right.

  22. Wow, I really liked this vid! A clear, no nonsense explanation that was easy for a n00b like me to follow. I will definitely be checking out the others, thanks for posting!

  23. These videos are great, thanks for the casual explanation and insight for each opening.

  24. This opening is terrible, there's like nothing to do!

  25. @Enjoiosaur Might wanna correct that with 'you're stupid' since you're commenting on someone's intelligence.

  26. I agree with you? Did you mean to respond to someone else?

  27. Take time to look at this opening carefully. The middlegame can actually be quite good if you get used to it.

  28. @jw542385 Actually there is. 6. Ng5 d5 (blocking bishop) 7. exd5 Nxd5 8.Bxd5 and queen has the option of taking either Bd5 or Ng5. I would probably take the bishop, as it was stated earlier that it's white's strongest minor piece, and also if 8. …Qxg5, 9.d3/d4 opening up the bishop to attack the queen (gaining a tempo) and then if queen doesn't run to f6/g6, 10. Bxc6 (free knight if a6 b5 were pushed). If it does run to f6/g6, white can continue development or trade off and then develop.

  29. @infiniteV115 That may look bad for black, but if 8…Qxd5, it's pretty much even, and white must either castle or play N/Qf3 to prevent black from taking g2. Not a huge advantage for black, it's about even at this point.

  30. What if black plays f4 after Bd3? I think it's very good move for black to play and it immediatly makes white has to react to this move in any fashion. If exff4 then e5 and white is in serious trouble, if De2 then De7 and you come up with a very good trap I've found for black.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.